Wine 9.0 Release: Enhancements Galore for Windows Apps on Linux

The latest release of Wine, the open-source compatibility layer enabling users to run Windows apps and games on Linux, is out now. Wine 9.0 comes packed with a plethora of improvements and refinements that touch on every aspect of the Wine experience, from app compatibility to performance and user interface polish.

Over the past year, the dedicated Wine developers have put in significant effort, making more than 7,000 individual changes for the Wine 9.0 release. While those who have been keeping up with the twice-monthly developer releases may have already experienced most of the changes, here’s a brief overview for everyone else.

One exciting addition in Wine 9.0 is the experimental Wayland graphics driver. Although it is not enabled by default, this driver already offers basic window management, multiple monitor support, high-DPI scaling, motion events, and Vulkan support. Enabling the Wayland driver is as easy as modifying a registry key and unsetting the DISPLAY environment variable.

Another noteworthy feature in Wine 9.0 is the new Wow64 mode. While the Wine 8.0 release introduced improvements to Wow64 mode, Wine 9.0 takes it a step further by allowing 32-bit Windows applications to run on a purely 64-bit Unix installation, providing better compatibility for modern systems. Although the new Wow64 mode is not enabled by default, it can be enabled during configuration, enabling support for 32-bit Windows apps on macOS, which no longer supports 32-bit Unix processes.

These additions are just the tip of the iceberg in Wine 9.0. The release also includes various other changes such as the implementation of a Wayland graphics driver, specific Windows versions for new prefixes being set as Windows 10, continued work on Wine for AMD64, improvements to Direct3D and Vulkan drivers, enhancements to GdiPlus functions for improved graphics performance, and much more.

To get your hands on Wine 9.0, you can download the source code and compile it yourself, or you can visit the official Wine website for binary packages tailored to various Linux distributions. For Ubuntu users, Wine maintains its own repository for Ubuntu 20.04 LTS and above, making it easy to install the latest release.

Even if you’re not a developer or a gamer, having Wine available on Linux provides a valuable tool for running Windows applications when the need arises. Wine continues to evolve and improve, bringing seamless compatibility for Windows apps to the Linux platform.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about Wine 9.0:

1. What is Wine 9.0?
Wine 9.0 is the latest release of an open-source compatibility layer that allows users to run Windows applications and games on Linux.

2. What improvements have been made in Wine 9.0?
Wine 9.0 includes a plethora of improvements and refinements, covering areas such as app compatibility, performance, and user interface polish. It has more than 7,000 individual changes from the past year’s development efforts.

3. What is the experimental Wayland graphics driver?
The experimental Wayland graphics driver is a new addition in Wine 9.0. Although not enabled by default, this driver offers features such as basic window management, multiple monitor support, high-DPI scaling, motion events, and Vulkan support. Enabling it requires modifying a registry key and unsetting the DISPLAY environment variable.

4. What is the new Wow64 mode in Wine 9.0?
The new Wow64 mode in Wine 9.0 allows 32-bit Windows applications to run on a purely 64-bit Unix installation. It provides better compatibility for modern systems. Wow64 mode can be enabled during configuration and enables support for 32-bit Windows apps on macOS, which no longer supports 32-bit Unix processes.

5. What other changes are included in Wine 9.0?
In addition to the experimental Wayland graphics driver and Wow64 mode, Wine 9.0 includes various other changes. These include specific Windows versions for new prefixes being set as Windows 10, continued work on Wine for AMD64, improvements to Direct3D and Vulkan drivers, enhancements to GdiPlus functions for improved graphics performance, and more.

6. How can I get Wine 9.0?
You can download the source code and compile it yourself, or you can visit the official Wine website for binary packages tailored to various Linux distributions. For Ubuntu users, Wine maintains its own repository for Ubuntu 20.04 LTS and above, making it easy to install the latest release.

Key Terms:
– Compatibility Layer: A software layer that enables applications to run on an operating system different from the one they were originally designed for.
– Wayland: A display protocol and compositing window manager used in many Linux operating systems as an alternative to X11.
– Vulkan: A low-level graphics API that provides high-performance access to graphics hardware.
– Wow64: Short for “Windows 32-bit on Windows 64-bit,” it is a compatibility layer in Windows operating systems that allows 32-bit applications to run on 64-bit versions.

Related Links:
Wine Official Website
Ubuntu Official Website